Mounting Azure Drive in Azure Virtual Machine (VM) Role

Monday, February 7, 2011



Mounting an Azure Drive in Azure VM Role can be beneficial in many scenarios. As we all know that Azure VM Role is not persistent, so once you deploy a VM Role and it is restarted, all the data that was not the part of the base image is gone.

As we already know from a previous post that in a VM Role data is not persistent between restarts or hardware-failures, we need to identify a way to provide data persistence. As a solution we will keep the data that needs to be persisted on a mounted vhd, and then this vhd will be uploaded to a page blob. Once VM Role is deployed to Azure this page blob will be mounted as Azure Drive. I already talked about the need of Azure Drive in VM Role for data persistence in my other post on - "Data Persistance in Azure VM Role". Therefore, in this post we will focus on how to mount azure drive in VM Role.

As azure drives un-mount themselves in 30 minutes if the process that mounted is no longer alive, we will create a windows service that will mount the azure drive containing SQL data. This windows service would be setup to start automatically, and thus it will behave as a VM Role Adaptor. See this post to learn how to create VM Role Adaptor for startup tasks.

The windows service that we use will mount azure drive in it's OnStart method and would unmount it in its OnStop method. The code to mount and unmount is same as normal. To initialize cache you can specify any local path while mounting drive. The cache path and size can be configured in app.config of the service.



string cachePath = "C:\Resources\AzureDriveCache";
int cacheSize = 500;
CloudDrive.InitializeCache(cachePath, cacheSize + 20);    



Also, you must keep the following things in mind:

1. Make the Windows service to start by itself once installed, as described in a previous post regarding startup tasks in VM Role.
2. Set the Windows Service to Automatic(Delayed) start. The delayed start would ensure that VM Role has been done starting and loading all the changes it requires.
3. In the Recovery tab of the service set the service to Restart after all the failures.

1 comments:

esxibackups said...

You can easily create virtual machines on your desktop computer, but in general the servers are created as virtual machines and the process is called virtualization. You may also find that most of the applications on the servers is rarely used full potential. The process of virtualization is just a process of sharing multiple computers and multiple virtual machines.

July 8, 2011 at 12:32 PM

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